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Title Authors Publisher Year
Antennas and Propagation for Body-Centric Wireless Communications Peter S. Hall and Yang Hao Artech House 2006


Antennas and Propagation for Body-Centric Wireless Communications


Peter S. Hall and Yang Hao

Artech House

314 pages



Get on board the next huge trend in mobile communications and computing with this trail-blazing resource on the theory, design, and applications of wireless antennas for on-body electronic systems. It brings you the state-of-the-art in existing applications like Bluetooth headsets together with detailed treatment of techniques, tools, and challenges in developing on-body antennas for an array of medical, emergency response, law enforcement, personal entertainment, and military applications on the horizon.This first-of-its-kind book briefs you on energy propagation around and into the body and how to estimate performance of on-body wireless links, and then dives into the nuts-and-bolts of designing antenna systems that deliver the goods. It covers on-body communication channels at microwave frequency bands and at low frequency bands, as well as ultra wideband systems for WPANs and WBANs. You get details on body-centric UWB antennas and channels, as well as advances in wearable mobile, EBG, and “smart fabric” antennas for cellular and WLAN communications. Chapters on telemedicine applications, such as remote diagnoses, and implantable medical devices cover crucial propagation issues and other obstacles that need to be addressed. Rounding out the coverage is a section on antenna design for body-sensor networks and their emerging military and space applications. Packed with hands-on guidance from noted experts, this volume will be indispensable for your efforts in designing and improving body-centric communication systems.


Table of Contents


Introduction to Body-Centric Wireless Communications


What are Body-Centric Wireless Communications

Off-to-On-Body Communications

On-Body Communications

Medical Implants and Sensor Networks

Layout of Book


Electromagnetic Properties and Modeling of the Human Body


Electromagnetic Characteristics of Human Tissues

Physical Body Phantoms

Numerical Phantoms

Numerical Modeling Techniques for Antennas and Propagation


On-Body Communication Channels at Microwave Frequency Bands



On-Body Channel Measurement and Modeling

Antenna Design

Optimized Antenna Design

Simulation and Modeling

Systems Modeling


Transmission Mechanism of the Wearable Devices Using the Human Body as a Transmission Channel


Introduction of Communications Using Circuits in Direct Contact with the Human Body

Numerical Analysis and Equivalent Circuit Models

Experiments Using the Human Phantom

Investigation of the Dominant Signal Transmission Path


Body Centric UWB Communications




Channel Measurement and Simulation Methodology

Channel Characterization and Modeling


Wearable Antennas for Cellular and WLAN Communications



Wearable Antennas: Critical Design Issues

Textile Materials

Effects of Substrate Materials: An Example of a Fabric GPS Antenna

Effects of Various Conductive Materials of Patch Antennas: An Example of a WLAN Antenna on Fleece Fabric

Dual Frequency Wearable Antenna Design: An Example of a U-Slot Patch

Wearable Electromagnetic Band-Gap Antennas (WEBGA): An Example of a WLAN Antenna

Wearable Antennas Near the Human Body: An Example of a WLAN Antenna


Body-Sensor Networks for Space and Military Applications



Biosensor System and Basics of Biomedical RF Telemetry

Antenna Design for Body-Sensors

Space, Military, and Civilian Applications


Antennas and Propagation for Telemedicine and Telecare: On-Body Systems


Telemedicine and Telecare Applications

Antennas and Human Body Interaction in Personal Telemedicine

System Design Issues


Antennas and Propagation for Telemedicine: Implant Systems



Antennas in Lossy Dispersive Medium

Low-Profile Antennas for Implantable Medical Devices




Overview and Conclusions

Future Challenges


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