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The European School of Antennas (ESoA), is a new model of geographically distributed post graduate school created thanks to the European Union support through the ACE NoE - Antenna Center of Excellence (2004-2007) and the Marie Curie Actions. The school is constituted by a highly qualified integrated set of advanced one-week courses, distributed in the most accredited European antenna research centers. 100 among the best European teachers present lectures in antennas and propagation. The courses are repeated every two years updating the content.

The general objectives of the School are:
  • strengthening the European excellence on antennas
  • completing the individual PhD curricula of students in Electrical and Information Engineering by offering interaction with the best trainers in Europe
  • increasing the link between European Universities and Industries in antenna research and development
  • facilitating the interchange of ideas among early stage researchers and teachers, thus increasing the future mobility and synergy.
The school is furnished with a centralized WEB support and it is coordinated so that the courses have the same format and apply common basic rules for exams and credits.

Further information and data on ESoA is available here
» All Courses
All Courses
Items in this section:
COMPLETED : Transformation EM for Antenna Design
28/01/2015 - 30/01/2015
COMPLETED : Antenna Project Management
09/02/2015 - 13/02/2015
COMPLETED : Ultra-Wideband Antennas
20/04/2015 - 24/04/2015
This course on “Ultra Wideband Antennas, Technologies and Applications“ will present an insight into the design, evaluation and measurement procedures for ultra wideband (UWB) systems and the characteristics of the UWB radio channel. Special care is taken regarding impulse applications, including dispersion, antenna fidelity, shaping filters and UWB-M-Sequence devices. State of the art topics regarding UWB systems in the fields of communications, Radar and sensor networks will be presented. Information for ranging, localization, and UWB-sensing for non-destructive testing and medical applications are included. Further, favorable applications presented are Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) and imaging. Wideband material characterization is a prerequisite for this. The lectures will be complemented with laboratory tutorials including antenna design, UWB measurements, detection of hidden objects and wave propagation simulations.
COMPLETED : Antenna Measurements at Millimetre and Submillimetre Wavelenghts
04/05/2015 - 08/05/2015
COMPLETED : Industrial Antenna Design
08/06/2015 - 12/06/2015
COMPLETED : Advanced Spherical Near-Field Antenna Measuremnt Techniques
29/06/2015 - 03/07/2015
COMPLETED : Antenna Imaging Technologies
06/07/2015 - 10/07/2015
COMPLETED : Reconfigurable Antennas and Arrays
31/08/2015 - 04/09/2015
Tel. 0049 731 5032401 Fax 0049 731 5032409
COMPLETED : Frequency Domain Techniques for Antenna Analysis
07/09/2015 - 11/09/2015
The course aims to give the student an appreciation of the uses and limitations of frequency domain computational techniques applied to scattering and antenna problems. The module gives the student a thorough background in the methodology of these techniques from a fundamental standpoint, while giving a grasp of the practical applications. Emphasis will be given to the practical problems encountered in the implementation of the integral equation techniques (Method of Moments, linear systems, integration techniques, Green's functions, stratified media, convergence, singularities, periodic problems). Simple problems are considered to give an understanding of how the choices made in designing the algorithms translate into the real strengths and limitations of the software.
COMPLETED : Large Scale Radio Propagation
28/09/2015 - 02/10/2015
The course on Large Scale Radio Propagation will be held at Institut für Nachrichtentechnik at Technische Universität Braunschweig. The course will cover propagation aspects for cellular and vehicular communication. Starting with the basics of propagation, modern methods used in cellular network planning as well as aspects relevant for future 5G networks, e. g. MIMO, multi-link aspects, localisation, car2X and railway communication, are taught. The course includes also computer-based excercises and demonstrations of state-of-the-art measurement systems for cellular networks. The teachers are from University of Bologna, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Karlsruher Institute of Technology and Université Catholique de Louvain.
COMPLETED : Metasurfaces for Antennas
05/10/2015 - 09/10/2015
In recent years there has been significant research on synthesizing new materials that can be used for new and better antennas, and for resonance-free electromagnetic (EM) packaging of microwave-components and electronic circuits. Metasurfaces constitute a class of thin metamaterials, which are used from microwave to optical frequencies to control wave propagation along the surface, i.e. to enable new radiation and guiding properties. At microwave frequencies, they are constituted by sub-wavelength size patches or pins printed on thin grounded dielectric substrates or realized as a texture in a metal surface. During this course the background and basic theory of different types of canonical metasurfaces will be explained, as well as how to realize such surfaces for sufficient bandwidth for different applications, and how to devise good theoretical models and implement them numerically. The material will be presented in relation to specific types of surfaces and their applications, such as: soft and hard surfaces (represented by PEC/PMC strip grids and realized by e.g. corrugations), Artificial Magnetic Conductors (AMC), Electromagnetic BandGap (EBG) surfaces, controllable “smart” surfaces, stopband surfaces used to suppress parallel-plate modes in gap waveguides, and novel wave-guiding structures. Some key words regarding applications are reduction of sidelobes and mutual coupling (EBG and soft surfaces), reduction of blockage and cloaking (hard surfaces), novel metasurface antennas, metasurface lenses, compact efficient horn antennas, miniaturization. The last part of the course will be devoted to the design of gap waveguides for different practical millimeter wave antenna systems, such as: high-Q gap waveguide filters, planar gap waveguide antennas, and gap waveguides for EM packaging in RF front-ends.
COMPLETED : Fundamentals on Antennas
19/10/2015 - 23/10/2015
COMPLETED : Wireless Networks: from Energy Harvesting to Information Processing
09/11/2015 - 13/11/2015
Wireless Communication Networks are evolving towards heterogeneous and complex systems requiring large information processing capability, ubiquities and constant communication. Hence, traditional Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Mobile Cellular Networks are evolving towards hybrid systems sharing common paradigms. In this course we focus on techniques that are to play an important role in the future of Wireless Networks. Although energy efficiency and power savings have always been present in the design of wireless communication systems, they have become one of the main drivers for research in WSN and Heterogeneous network devices. In this course we will first provide an overview of energy harvesting techniques for autonomous devices, with the aim of providing an understanding of the HW technologies and RF aspects involved. This first block includes both theoretical and practical exercises: it will provide theoretical principles of wireless power transfer technologies, signal optimization and rectenna design for electromagnetic energy harvesting and wireless power transfer and practical exercises (rectenna design project). The second part of the course deals with communication and information processing techniques that not only address energy efficiency but capacity and reliability issues. In this context, the course focuses on cooperative and distributed techniques with emphasis on coding schemes. Cooperative communications have proven to improve the capacity of wireless communications by allowing cooperation between devices at the physical layer level. Coding, present in all modern communication systems, provides reliability and implicitly energy savings by reducing transmission failures. In the same way reducing collisions in multiple access channels benefit energy efficiency. The objective of this course is to provide the fundamental tools to understand, analyse, and design cooperative communications systems and distributed information processing in general, and WSN in particular. The course will also provide a theoretical framework to understand the principles of suitable communication strategies and other relevant aspects of the communication system design in the presence of power-limited/energy-harvesting devices.
COMPLETED : Beams and High-Frequency Methods for Large Antennas
29/11/2015 - 03/12/2015
14/03/2016 - 18/03/2016
02/05/2016 - 06/05/2016
09/05/2016 - 14/05/2016
The goal of this course is to explain the mathematical methods used in computational antenna analysis and to provide students with mathematical background necessary for advanced antenna engineering and EM software development. The course also serves as a mathematical introduction to other ESoA courses. Altogether, this course provides a unique opportunity to learn antenna analysis concepts from excellent teachers in a friendly atmosphere with colleagues from universities and companies from all around Europe, and all that on a wonderful seaside location in the bay of Lapad in the famous city of Dubrovnik.
30/05/2016 - 03/06/2016
For this fifth edition of the course, special emphasis will be placed on the new concepts (radiation principles, materials parameters and environment characterization) relevant for the design of electrically compact antennas from microwaves to millimeter-wave covering the ISM ) Industrial, Scientific and Medical) range of applications.
06/06/2016 - 10/06/2016
For this sixth edition of the course, special emphasis will be placed on the recent advancements on the terahertz field at physical level (graphene, plasmonics), devices (quantum sensors, superconductive antennas, CMOS, SiGe) and systems (microscopy, fast acquisition systems cameras, biosensing) for industrial, scientific and biomedical applications
13/06/2016 - 17/06/2016
The course introduces the problematic of antenna measurement. It describes the classical antenna measurement techniques like open fields, compact ranges and near field systems. The course also introduces the most innovative antenna measurement technologies, in particular the special techniques for millimetre and submillimetre frequency bands, the reverberation chambers and the measurement procedures for MIMO systems. The course is aimed to PhD students and engineers from antenna companies. Teachers come from the most experienced European Universities and companies in antenna measurement field. This edition is In Memoriam of Prof. Per Simon Kildal, from Chalmers University, who passed away April 21st 2016, and who was going to teach in the course.
20/06/2016 - 24/06/2016
During the course, the basic principles of material science will be presented for the structure and the properties of the materials used in microwave and antennas applications. There will be a number of lectures focusing on the so called "functional materials" with tunable dielectric and/or magnetic properties. In addition the theoretical background and the recent evolutions in the area of metamaterials for innovative antennas will be presented. Hands on simulations and measurements of reconfigurable antenna prototypes using magneto-dielectric materials are also planned during the course. The course also includes case studies with characterization measurements of selected materials.
03/07/2016 - 08/07/2016
While in a classical radar system a parabolic antenna is used to determine targets azimuth and elevation coordinates and antenna rotation is used for area surveillance, majority of modern and future radar systems (active) phased arrays are used for generation of multiple beams, which can be scanned by purely electronic means. Extension of typical application areas of phased arrays radars from military domain to remote sensing, automotive, air-traffic control, and weather surveillance areas drastically increase demand in specialists who understand phased-array radar operation. Understanding of phased array radar operation requires multi-disciplinary approach, which is based on antenna array theory, microwave circuit theory and signal processing. The school addresses this challenge and provides integral approach to the phased array radars.
04/07/2016 - 08/07/2016
05/09/2016 - 09/09/2016
The course will provide a global understanding of the electromagnetic behavior of antenna arraysand reflectarrays, with a special emphasis on wideband arrays, on the effects of mutual coupling, on optimization methods and on applications. A software for reflectarray analysis and design will be handed over to the students; many industrial examples will be provided.
12/09/2016 - 16/09/2016
This course addresses frequency-domain, integral-equation based computational techniques for the analysis of challenging antenna problems, including recent metamaterials issues. The challenges come from the need to apply computational electromagnetics to real-life antenna and antenna platform design. The course will give a working knowledge of a number of topics that allow to solve complex antenna problems. While addressing advanced topics, it is structured so as to give attendees a practical understanding of problems, the techniques to solve them, and of how to implement them when "back at home". The course also features one of the founders of modern CEM, Prof. D. R. Wilton from University of Houston, USA, who will lecture on the important topic of higher order basis functions. Attendees willing to participate actively in practical sessions are asked to come equipped with a laptop and a WiFi connection.
26/09/2016 - 30/09/2016
03/10/2016 - 07/10/2016
This one week course is a real opportunity to get an overview of a wide range of time domain techniques used for solving actual and future challenging electromagnetic problems. Basic knowledge’s and state of the art given during the course will be helpful for PhD students or scientists implementing their own time domain simulation tools. The course is sponsored by CST which offers 2 grants covering the registration fee for 2 PhD students and fully supports the practical trainings. Then, for customers of CST commercial software’s, the course will also provide additional theoretical guidelines allowing an optimal use of the vendor simulation tools.
10/10/2016 - 14/10/2016
The exploitation of electromagnetic field data as a sensing tool paves the way to a number of interesting engineering applications including antenna testing and characterization, biomedical diagnostics, humanitarian demining, archeological prospection, through-the-wall imaging, non-destructive testing of transport infrastructures and buildings, and many others. This course, after reviewing fundamental equations and main difficulties of inverse problems in high-frequency electromagnetics, will focus on classical and recently introduced solution procedures and algorithms, discussing capabilities, limitations, and perspectives of both approximate and 'exact' reconstruction methods. Applicative examples, including exercises and lessons regarding specific applications, with focus on the topics of relevant COST Actions (Medical Imaging:; GPR:, will corroborate the developed concepts. Specific contents include : Motivations and Basics of Microwave Imaging and Diagnostics Inverse Source Problems : difficulties, basic tools, applications Qualitative and approximate methods for inverse scattering ‘Full wave’ methods for quantitative imaging: difficulties, tools, examples Applications: Antenna diagnostics, Medical imaging : present and perspective Applications in Civil Engineering
21/11/2016 - 25/11/2016
COMPLETED : Leaky waves and periodic structures for antenna applications
26/04/2017 - 29/04/2017
The Course aims at giving a complete knowledge of the basic physical mechanisms involved, of the various suitable design techniques, of the technologies involved, and of the possible antenna applications of Leaky Waves and Periodic Structures
08/05/2017 - 12/05/2017
15/05/2017 - 19/05/2017
12/06/2017 - 16/06/2017
19/06/2017 - 23/06/2017
26/06/2017 - 30/06/2017
03/07/2017 - 07/07/2017
11/09/2017 - 15/09/2017
11/09/2017 - 15/09/2017
The course aims to give the student an appreciation of the uses and limitations of frequency domain computational techniques applied to scattering and antenna problems. The module gives the student a thorough background in the methodology of these techniques from a fundamental standpoint, while giving a grasp of the practical applications. Emphasis will be given to the practical problems encountered in the implementation of the integral equation techniques (Method of Moments, linear systems, integration techniques, Green's functions, stratified media, convergence, singularities, periodic problems). Simple problems are considered to give an understanding of how the choices made in designing the algorithms translate into the real strengths and limitations of the software.
25/09/2017 - 29/09/2017
Metasurfaces (MTS) constitute an emerging technology area that can be employed for realizing highly customizable devices that find EM application in antennas, metamaterials, plasmonics, microwaves. Metatronics (MTX) concerns with the generation of space-time varying, controllable, new materials (often nano-structured) exhibiting unusual EM macroscopic properties and functionalities. This course is intended to provide the necessary theoretical background and insight on the new MTS technology and its MTX reconfigurability, contextualized with their relevant EM applications. Relevant classwork will be proposed to strengthen the acquired notions as well. This course has been organized in a joint initiatives among the European School of Antennas (ESoA), H2020 FET-Open Coordination and Support Action “Nanoarchitectronics” Metamorphose Virtual Institute of Metamaterials,
10/10/2017 - 13/10/2017
Compressive sensing (CS) is a fundamentally interdisciplinary topic, with interplay between applied/pure mathematics and engineering serving to fertilize new researches opening new frontiers. The impact of CS goes far beyond compression and classical signal processing. Whenever acquiring/inverting data/information is difficult, dangerous, or expensive, CS allows to proceed with much less data/information than previously thought possible. Such a possibility has been rapidly exploited in several and different ranges of practical electromagnetic problems almost always leading to striking results that signifi cantly advance the state‐of‐the‐art. The course, after reviewing basics and fundamentals of CS, will focus on state‐of‐the‐art and most recently introduced CS‐based techniques and algorithms, discussing capabilities, limitations, and perspectives in the following topics: Antenna Synthesis and Design, Antenna Measurements, Adaptive Antennas & Antenna Signal Processing, Inverse Scattering and Microwave Imaging. Applicative examples including exercises and talks regarding specific applications will corroborate the developed concepts.
COMPLETED : FUNDAMENTALS ON ANTENNAS: the antenna as a communication system building block
16/10/2017 - 20/10/2017
From the European antenna community (i.e., ESoA & EurAAP) it has been seen that there are other scientific and industrial communities that may find problems when dealing with antenna topics, for instance, in the development of global projects. The spectrum of these communities is quite broad: Microwave engineers, Communication (i.e. mobile communication) engineers, Signal Processing engineers, Terahertz engineers, mechanical and robotics engineers and aerospace engineers and other applications, i.e., bio or medical professionals. This antenna course is devoted to explain the fundamentals on antennas to those communities, and to offer them some help on dealing with antennas. In addition, application examples will be given, as well as industrial lectures on integrated antennas (i.e. mobile or GPS), base station antennas, space application antennas and terahertz antennas.
COMPLETED : Combination of simulations and measurements in antenna design
13/11/2017 - 17/11/2017
The improvement of the accuracy and speed of software tools and the antenna measurement systems allows to get advantage of the combination of simulations and measurements to make better and faster antenna designs. So far, both simulation and measurements are routine procedures in any antenna design, yet in different phases. The topic of this course is to integrate these two aspects of antenna design to make the design process more efficient, and/or to reach higher goals (cost, speed, performance). This possibility has emerged recently from (applied) research and is now part of a streamlined procedure that can be based on commercially available tools. The course organizers and instructors are experts from academy and industry who have been among the first worldwide to propose and research this process, and who have spearheaded its practical application using commercial high-end widely used products. In fact, there has been a convened session on “Combined simulation/measurement benchmark for challenging antennas” about this topic at the last EuCAP conference. This course concentrates on the knowledge (know-how) necessary to achieve this goal, including a substantial part of hands-on training. The course is very practical; the theoretical background of the different approaches will be provided in order to provide the necessary understanding of applications. The combined approach is not covered by all other courses offered up to now.
Focus On

Coordinating the Antenna Research in Europe

Antenna research and Technology for the Intelligent Car

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